Cardiovascular surgery is surgery on the heart or great vessels performed by cardiac surgeons. It is often used to treat complications of ischemic heart disease (for example, with coronary artery bypass grafting); to correct congenital heart disease; or to treat valvular heart disease from various causes, including endocarditis, rheumatic heart disease, and atherosclerosis. It also includes heart transplantation.
Cardiac surgery can be used to treat various conditions such as congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, valve diseases, and arrhythmias.
3.Congenital Heart Disease